Fort Mutzig, Alsace
The largest fortress in Europe in 1914.
A strong German against France
Following the Franco-Prussian War of 1870-1871, Alsace and Moselle are attached to the new German Empire under the name of Reichsland Elsass-Lothringen. In 1872, French and Germans fortify the new frontier in preparation for a future deemed inevitable war.
It was planned to construct five high on the hill, only two of them will be finally realized: the strong East (1893) and the strong West (1895) whose triangular plots are unique in Germany at the time.
The following highlights will be built according to a new organization dispersing the field books, batteries, shelters, observatories, etc., all being connected by underground tunnels.
Many new techniques will be inaugurated in Mutzig, some will be generalized, others forgotten. Major, electricity.
A gigantic fortification
Over the years the Feste Kaiser Wilhelm II will expand to the point of Germany's largest fortification of that time.
The fort reached a total area of 254 ha in 1900, it consists of about 50 different buildings. His artillery staffing is unique: 8 howitzers of 15 cm on lookout battleship, 14 gun turrets to 10.5 cm, 8 turrets to eclipse cannon 5.7 cm and 12 armored observatories.
A theoretical garrison 6 500-8 000 men according to sources.